(a.k.a Ponds 101)
The Five Elements of Healthy Ponds:
- A skimmer keeps the water clean by removing debris as it falls in. That way it doesn’t sink to the bottom to decay. The skimmer houses the pump and a filter pad to help the pond looking great.
2) Rocks and gravel
- These provide surface area for good bacteria to colonize, which helps keep algae under control.
- The movement of the water helps keep it oxygenated. This is beneficial for the fish and plants, which in turn help keep algae in check. It keeps the water from being stagnant.
- Fish eat algae as well as add nutrients back into the water. Watching fish has proven to be very relaxing!
- Plants are additional living filtration. A great way to keep a pond in balance is to have lilies, floating hyacinth and other plants. Just like regular garden plants, there are plants that overwinter here in zone five.
Ponds and the Environment
Installing a pond not only brings beauty to your outside living space and gets your family outside, but it also benefits the local wildlife. Ponds attract birds, dragonflies and frogs! All of these fabulous creatures eat the insects that bug us!
Ponds also conserve water! YES!! We water our lawns about twice a week here in Colorado. Some people water more than that. A 10 x 10 area that is watered twice a week uses 124 gallons each week — 25 times! That is 3,100 gallons a year. A 10 x 10 pond holds about 1800 gallons of water. While it may need additional water once in a while, that is only 180 gallons or less. We also don’t have to use the lawn mower on our pond, saving both time and pollution.